Action reflection, action learning and action research are a spectrum of practical change with review of the impact of change. This can be based in any setting.
Action research can be described as a more rigorous approach to collecting evidence of change. Research methods used can be qualitative or quantitative, involving one person or many.
Often a lead person acts as the researcher and they may be observing the changes or participating in the process of change. It is the participation that makes action research stand out from other approaches. Participants have full ownership of the research question and actions that are put in place.
References include the work of Kurt Lewin (1946) and Schon
A talk on this is outlined as power-point presentations under “downloads” Go to downloads and click on the folder “Action Research” and the talk title: Action Research Framework